Archives :: Business & Economics :: Design, Engineering & Construction

Displaying 61 - 68 of 68 stories.
February 1, 2007
    This is the first in a series of articles that will cover a wide range of piping topics. The topics will cross process-industry lines, pertaining to, for example, the chemical, petroleum-refining, pulp-and-paper and pharmaceutical and other industries.The main intent of these articles to address questions and misunderstandings as they relate to use of piping on a general basis.   Typical...
http://www.chemengonline.com/business_and_economics/design_engineering_and_construction/Piping-for-Process-Plants-Part-1-The-Basics_3141.html
December 1, 2006
    For companies in the chemical process industries, water is an indispensable utility. But the growing scarcity of quality industrial water, combined with stricter environmental regulations and the rising cost of wastewater treatment, have encouraged the conservation of water as a key utility in process plants. Concurrently, the development of systematic techniques for water reduction has made...
http://www.chemengonline.com/business_and_economics/design_engineering_and_construction/Assess-Your-Plants-True-Water-Savings-Potential_2810.html
October 1, 2006
    Provided that they are updated when appropriate to keep them relevant, time-tested heuristics rules based upon experience, also referred to as rules of thumb, can be useful for the design, specifying and operation of several kinds of equipment used in process plants. The first and foremost heuristic rule is that the engineer should not shy away from using heuristics - and the second rule is...
http://www.chemengonline.com/business_and_economics/design_engineering_and_construction/Heuristics-Rules-for-Process-Equipment_2808.html
August 1, 2006
    China, one of the world's great growth stories, may become the world's largest consumer market. As that potential unfolds, petrochemical activity and investment are sure to be key drivers. China is now the 6th largest economy in the world, boasting a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of $2.23 trillion in 2005; but measured on a purchasing power parity (PPP) basis, China would rank as the...
http://www.chemengonline.com/business_and_economics/design_engineering_and_construction/China-Still-Beckons-Petrochemical-Investments_3080.html
June 1, 2006
    Intelligent — and thorough — preparation of a process-design-basis document can make the difference between a high-quality design for a chemical-process project and a poor one. The process-design-basis document represents the owner’s instructions to the design engineering organization about what the owner wants designed, and how the owner wants the process design to be done...
http://www.chemengonline.com/business_and_economics/design_engineering_and_construction/How-to-Prepare-a-Process-Design-Basis_2801.html
May 1, 2006
    It’s an old saw, but I’ve long held that process development is very much a team effort. Developing safe, robust and scaleable chemical processes calls for close collaboration between synthesis chemists, process development engineers and pilot plant personnel. But experience shows that, particularly in many fine chemical and pharmaceutical organizations, researchers fail to put...
http://www.chemengonline.com/business_and_economics/design_engineering_and_construction/A-Bit-of-Extra-Lab-Effort-Can-Prevent-Grief-During-Scaleup_2817.html
April 1, 2006
    Typical process utilities include electricity, process steam, refrigerants, compressed air, cooling water, heated water, hot oil, process water, demineralized water, municipal water, and river, lake, or ocean water. For preliminary cost estimates, waste disposal cost can also be treated like a utility expense. Unlike capital, labor, and other expenses, utility prices do not correlate simply...
http://www.chemengonline.com/business_and_economics/design_engineering_and_construction/How-to-Estimate-Utility-Costs_2798.html
January 1, 2006
    The first two installments of this three-part series (CE, November 2005, pp. 40–45, and December, pp. 42–47) dealt mainly with the major methods for estimating the capital costs of pilot plants. This final installment begins with a look at the making of provision for contingency, a concept sometimes misunderstood and even more often misapplied in pilot-plant cost estimating...
http://www.chemengonline.com/business_and_economics/design_engineering_and_construction/Pilot-Plant-Cost-Estimating-Make-Intelligent-Use-of-Contingency_2794.html
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