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Archives :: Environmental, Health & Safety :: Environmental Management

Displaying 341 - 360 of 442 stories.
June 1, 2007
The impact of the chemical process industries (CPI) is much farther reaching than just the products that they produce. With respect for the power of the materials they handle, the CPI must act responsibly, considering factors that can affect workers, the community and the environment. A recent visit to two of Degussa’s production facilities in the U.S. gave an inside look as to how one company...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/environmental_mgmt/Looking-beyond-production_3337.html
June 1, 2007
    Although sealing technologies rarely make the headline, when they do, its usually for a tragic reason, which demonstrates how important this small component really is. For example, on January 28, 1986, the Space Shuttle Challenger disintegrated 73 seconds into its flight, after an O-ring seal in its right solid rocket booster (SRB) failed. The seal failure caused a flame leak from the SRB...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/environmental_mgmt/air_pollution_control/Small-but-mighty_3327.html
June 1, 2007
A new technology to sink and store carbon dioxide deep in the ocean is being developed by the National Maritime Research Institute (NMRI; Tokyo; edlinks.che.com/6896-536), in cooperation with the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science & Technology (AIST; Tsukuba), and IHI Marine United Inc. (Tokyo, all in Japan). The Cosmos project (CO₂ sending technology for ocean storage) is being...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/environmental_mgmt/greenhouse_gases_and_climate_change/A-Japanese-project-to-sequester-CO2_3268.html
June 1, 2007
Polylactic acid (PLA) is a commercially available biodegradable polymer used in many nonfood products as an alternative to petrochemical-derived polymers. However, PLA's physical properties limit its use in many applications. Scientists at the USDA’s Eastern Regional Research Center (ERRC; Wyndmoor, Penn....
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/environmental_mgmt/sustainability/Improving-the-biodegradability-of-plastics-with-whey-based-ingredients_3267.html
May 1, 2007
If every vehicle in the U.S. ran on fuel made primarily from ethanol instead of gasoline, the number of respiratory-related deaths and hospitalizations would likely increase, according to a study by Mark Jacobson, associate professor of civil and environmental...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/environmental_mgmt/air_pollution_control/Is-ethanol-the-answer_3260.html
May 1, 2007
            Many coal-fired power plants make gypsum and construction materials. But they should also consider manufacturing hydrochloric acid and ethanol. Furthermore, they should consider substituting biomass and waste organics for up to 10% of the coal. The combination of these initiatives would make coal plants much “greener.” Coal is the cost effective way to...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/environmental_mgmt/air_pollution_control/Coal-fired-power-plants-should-become-chemical-manufacturers_3325.html
May 1, 2007
An integrated energy scheme that combines the generation of substitute natural gas (SNG) from coal, coproduction of biofuel and electricity and near-zero emissions of carbon dioxide, is being developed by Arizona Public Service (APS, Phoenix; edlinks.che.com/6895-532), Arizona’s largest utility, with the support of the U.S. Dept. of Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/environmental_mgmt/greenhouse_gases_and_climate_change/Hydrogasification-project-aims-to-produce-clean-energy-from-coal-wind-and-biomass_3250.html
May 1, 2007
Metabolix, Inc. (Cambridge, Mass.; edlinks.che.com/6895-550) and ADM Co. (Decatur. Ill.; edlinks.che.com/6895-551) will jointly produce Mirel Natural Plastics — a...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/environmental_mgmt/sustainability/Biodegradable-plastic_3399.html
May 1, 2007
    A detailed follow up of the cations present in the wastewater of the Monsanto Europe site in Antwerp, Belgium, has led to an increased understanding of changing wastewater treatment plant performance. The chemical process industries' (CPI) other wastewater treatment plants that handle continuously changing mixtures of different manufacturing plant effluents should also consider routine...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/environmental_mgmt/water_treatment_and_supply/Monitor-Cations-in-CPI-Wastewater-for-Better-Performance_3146.html
May 1, 2007
    Pure water is an essential ingredient in the manufacture of a vast amount of products in the U.S. and, of course, throughout the world. In the industry for which I work, electricity generation, high-purity water is an absolute must for feeding high-pressure steam generators. But of course, steam generation is also important in the petroleum-refining and petrochemical industries...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/environmental_mgmt/water_treatment_and_supply/Microfiltration-For-CPI-Wastewater_3147.html
April 1, 2007
    Get a grip on slippery objects with these chemical-resistant gloves AlphaTEC gloves (photo) are said to be the first chemical-resistant gloves to incorporate Ansill Grip Technology. Designed as a liquid-proof product requiring less force to grip oily or wet objects, the AlphaTEC gloves have been tested at the production sites of 25 major industrial companies throughout Europe. The gloves...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/environmental_mgmt/Focus-on-Health-Safety-and-Environmental-Tools_3155.html
April 1, 2007
A microfabricated device that concentrates pollutants, enabling them to be detected in very low concentrations, has been patented by Somenath Mitra, professor and chair of the Department of...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/environmental_mgmt/air_pollution_control/Microconcentrator_3248.html
April 1, 2007
    China's tremendous economic growth and modernization has propelled the nation to a position where its consumption of energy imports outpaces its economy. As the world's third-largest oil importer, after the United States and Japan, China imported a record-high 36.38-million tons of refined oil last year, 15.7% more than in 2005, to fuel an estimated annual economic growth of 10.7%, reports...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/environmental_mgmt/air_pollution_control/A-better-energy-balance-for-China_3322.html
April 1, 2007
A process that yields hydrogen by using solar energy to split water has received one-third of the €1 million Descartes prize, awarded annually for research financed by the European Commission (Brussels, Belgium). The process was developed under the Hydrosol project, headed by the Chemical Process Engineering Research Institute, Center for Research and Technology-Hellas...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/environmental_mgmt/greenhouse_gases_and_climate_change/Solar-electrolysis_3239.html
April 1, 2007
Jet fuel, or other fuels, could one day be produced from cheap animal fats - byproducts of slaughterhouses and meat-processing plants - through a process being developed at North Carolina State University (Raleigh; edlinks.che.com/6894-542). So far, NCSU has tested parts of the...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/environmental_mgmt/greenhouse_gases_and_climate_change/Fuels-from-fat_3240.html
April 1, 2007
Mascoma Corp. (Cambridge, Mass.; edlinks.che.com/6894-545) and Royal Nedalco (Bergen op Zoom, Netherlands) have signed a license and joint-development...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/environmental_mgmt/greenhouse_gases_and_climate_change/Ethanol-partnership_3243.html
April 1, 2007
Air Products (Lehigh Valley, Pa.; edlinks.che.com/6894-547) and FuelCell Energy Inc. (Danbury, Conn.; edlinks.che.com/6894-548) have begun construction on an advanced hydrogen-energy demonstration station. The station...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/environmental_mgmt/greenhouse_gases_and_climate_change/Tri-generation_3245.html
April 1, 2007
Together with four partners, the Fraunhofer Institute for Chemical Technology (ICT; Pfinztal, Germany; edlinks.che.com/6894-550) has developed an insulation material that is made...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/environmental_mgmt/sustainability/Sustainable-insulation_3247.html
March 1, 2007
  After nearly a decade of preparation and debate, the European Commission's REACH legislation - a system for the registration, evaluation, authorization and restriction of chemicals - was adopted by the Parliament last December, and enters into force on June 1, 2007. Chemical producers, rather than government authorities, will be legally obligated to conduct and communicate assessments regarding the...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/environmental_mgmt/EU-Chemicals-legislation-extends-its-REACH_3320.html
March 1, 2007
In a related story (see above), the EU and China are launching a project, initiated by Sintef (Trondheim, Norway; edlinks.che.com/6893-532), to cut global emissions of greenhouse gases. In the three-year, €3-million "Coach" project, Europe will receive emissions quota for CO2 in exchange for "green" coal-fired power plants for China. A twin of the EU's Dynamis...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/environmental_mgmt/air_pollution_control/-while-the-EU-and-China-partner-to-curb-CO2-emissions_3213.html
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