Archives :: Environmental, Health & Safety :: Plant & Personnel Safety

Displaying 221 - 240 of 276 stories.
May 15, 2008
To many, the concept of a "smart plant" involves integrating critical process subsystems and instrumentation with the goal of streamlining operations, increasing production and, simply put, making more money. But looking at the bigger picture, the true goal of having an integrated smart plant isn’t solely automating processes or capturing knowledge electronically. The ultimate goal is...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/plant_security/An-Integrated-Approach-to-Industrial-Security_3861.html
May 15, 2008
This month, the newly released Foundation for Safety Instrumented Functions (SIF) was demonstrated at Shell Global Solutions (Amsterdam, Netherlands) — one of several demonstrations planned by the Fieldbus Foundation (FF; Austin, Tex....
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/safety_instrumentation/Chementator-Foundation-for-SIF-Demonstrations_3884.html
April 15, 2008
A good understanding of the reaction chemistry is needed for a safe process design It is a fact that safety-related incidents do occur in the chemical process industries (CPI). These incidents have, in part, led to increased attention to reactive-chemical issues by industry, government and other stakeholders. We know that good safety-management systems take the reactivity of chemicals as well as the...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/overpressure_and_runaways/Environmental-Manager-A-Checklist-for-Safer-Chemical-Batch-Reactions_3800.html
March 15, 2008
Negative opinions regarding the adequacy of contemporary process-plant safety certainly exist in the public, governmental and private sectors. Any way you look at it, a harsh truth for the chemical engineering profession is that for every thousand or so thankfully uneventful operations, a pessimistic residue lingers from a tragic incident of the past. That presence continually reminds us to heed the...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Editors-Page-Are-we-taking-safety-seriously_3712.html
March 15, 2008
July, Causes and Prevention of Packing Fires, p. 34. I thought the article was very timely and informative and appreciate being a reference for your paper. However, after reviewing the information provided regarding potassium permanganate (especially Table 1), I must provide the following constructive comments. We know of one specific refinery that has been using permanganate since 1991 with excellent...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Letters-Packing-fires-and-permanganate_3713.html
March 15, 2008
On January 31, 2008, law firm Chadbourne & Parke LLP held its "Nanotechnology, Law & Commerce" forum exploring "Business at One-Billionth of a Meter." A total of 18 invited speakers explored a variety of topics including the current state of nanotech R&D; public policy, politics and legal issues; the financing and underwriting of nanotech; and "nanoethics." George...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Newsfront-Forum-Makes-a-Big-Deal-about-Nanotech_3718.html
March 15, 2008
The standard way to test for toxicity in individuals who have been exposed to heavy metals is to take a blood sample and analyze it in the laboratory by plasma mass spectrometry, an expensive and time-consuming procedure. Now, a portable instrument that can do the same job in the field in 2 – 5 min, for one-tenth the cost, has been developed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL, Richland...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/protective_equipment/Chementator-A-portable-analyzer-for-toxicity-in-humans_3738.html
March 15, 2008
  This is an important year for any company that makes, uses, buys or sells chemicals or products containing chemicals. On June 1, 2007, the European Union’s (EU) Regulation on Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemical substances (REACH) came into force. Implementation of REACH begins in earnest in 2008. Widely viewed as one of the most important pieces of EU...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/regulatory/Cover-Story-Part-1-Are-You-Ready-For-REACH_3727.html
March 15, 2008
On Dec. 18, 2006, the European Union (EU) passed a new law creating a single integrated system for the registration, evaluation and...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/regulatory/Cover-Story-Part-2-REACH-A-Timely-Overview_3728.html
March 7, 2008
ABB in Norway (www.abb.com) and Metso Automation (Helsinki; www.metsoautomation.com) have reached a mutual agreement regarding joint activities and have signed a memorandum of understanding for future collaboration in the oil and gas industry. The integration of Metso Automation’s flow-control technology with ABB’s automation systems will result in improved safety, reliability...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/safety_instrumentation/Metso-Automation-and-ABB-intensify-cooperation_3710.html
February 15, 2008
Reduce the problems associated with handling hazardous liquids by following these guidelines Pumps are one of the most ubiquitous items of equipment found in chemical processing plants. Often, they are used to transfer hazardous liquids, such as flammable, combustible, toxic and corrosive chemicals. In order to ensure safety during pumping, certain design and operating practices should be followed. This...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/hazardous_substances/Feature-Report-Pump-Hazardous-Liquids-Safely_3667.html
February 15, 2008
The failure of a device or of a group of components can lead to overpressurization and subsequent adverse events, such as fire, explosion, spill or release. The most common causes of overpressurization are listed below. Understanding the circumstances surrounding overpressurization will help an engineer to avoid these failures. External Fire According to API RP 520 and 521 standards, a fire-exposed area is...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/overpressure_and_runaways/Causes-of-Overpressurization_3671.html
December 15, 2007
This article introduces a simple yet accurate way to calculate the wetted surface area of a partially filled horizontal vessel with semi-elliptical heads. This information is often needed for the sizing of relief devices. API Recommended Practice 521 specifies that a vessel containing liquid, mounted such that its lowest point is less than 7.62 m (25 ft) above ground level, must be fitted with a...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/overpressure_and_runaways/Engineering-Practice-Accurate-Wetted-Areas-For-Partially-Filled-Vessels_3562.html
December 15, 2007
A gas analyzer suitable for hazardous areas Now approved by ATEX and CSA-C/US certifications, the X-Stream flameproof process gas analyzer is suitable for Class I, Zone 1 and Group IIB + H 2 hazardous areas without the need for pressurization systems. The device’s single- or dual-channel analyzer can be configured to read any two gases specified by the end user from over 60 readable compounds. Its...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/protective_equipment/Focus-On-Gas-Detection_3563.html
November 15, 2007
As the chemical process industries (CPI) make the transition from communication protocols and systems that are cable-ready to those that are wireless, the conversation is changing. On the plant floor and in the executive suite, terms such as mesh network and interoperability bring new meaning to the manufacturing environment. But what does it all mean? How can companies truly begin to decode this new...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Going-Wireless_3495.html
November 15, 2007
Steam traps are an integral part of steam systems in the chemical process industries (CPI). Steam is commonly used to add energy into a process through its latent heat (steam heat), while the resultant sensible heat (hot condensate) drains through steam traps. The operation of these traps influences the entire steam system’s function and reliability. Steam trap operation has a bearing on the...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/The-Importance-of-Intensive-Steam-Trap-Management_3496.html
November 15, 2007
To ensure the health and safety of workers, the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) adopted the Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) in 1983. Initially designed to protect workers in the manufacturing sector, the HCS was expanded in 1987 to cover all industries where workers could be exposed to hazardous chemicals. This article gives an overview of the OSHA requirements for material...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Managing-Material-Safety-Data-Sheets-in-the-Workplace_3499.html
November 15, 2007
Better control of baghouses and cartridge-type dust collectors can pay dividends in energy savings, longer filter life and effort spent in tracking environmental compliance. That’s the message from Richard Kapcha, a control specialist with MikroPul (Charlotte, N.C.), which manufactures a wide range of dust collection equipment. “Until the early 1990s we were supplying baghouses with cleaning...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/dust_explosions/Keep-Control-of-Your-Dust_3494.html
November 7, 2007
Late last week, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security released Appendix A of the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS), a critical element of its chemical security efforts. The appendix contains a list of chemicals that, if possessed by a facility in a specified quantity, trigger a requirement to complete and submit an easy-to-use, online consequence assessment tool called a Top-Screen...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/plant_security/U-S-DHS-Publishes-Chemicals-of-Interest-List-for-Anti-Terrorism-Standards_3463.html
October 1, 2007
Click here for full pdf version of this article - includes all graphs, charts, tables, and author information The use of safety standards, particularly IEC 61508 [1] and IEC 61511 [2], has increased rapidly in the past several years. Along with the adoption of these standards has come an increase in the need for accurate reliability data for devices used in safety instrumented systems (SIS), both...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Mechanical-Failure-Rate-Data-for-Low-Demand-Applications_3390.html
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