Archives :: Environmental, Health & Safety :: Plant & Personnel Safety

Displaying 241 - 260 of 276 stories.
October 1, 2007
Click here for full pdf version of this article - includes all graphs, charts, tables, and author information   As evidenced in the headlines, terrorist attacks, natural disasters and infrastructure failures can occur without warning, creating catastrophic results for an unprepared facility. For this reason, many chemical processors are developing crisis-management plans to preempt, deal with and...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Will-You-be-Ready-When-Disaster-Strikes_3392.html
October 1, 2007
Click here for full pdf version of this article - includes all graphs, charts, tables, and author information   Explosion prevention must be a primary objective wherever the process of transferring powders into flammable solvents is utilized, irrelevant of the industry and existing practices, in accordance with regulatory guidelines such as the ATEX directives (Directive 94/9/EC, 1994 and Directive...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Prevent-Explosions-During-Transfer-Of-Powders-Into-Flammable-Solvents_3394.html
October 1, 2007
The U.S. Dept. of Agriculture (Washington, D.C.) has launched a new Internet resource to help smaller...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/process_safety_mgmt/Food-processing-aid_3374.html
September 1, 2007
    Safety instrumented systems (SIS) are in the spotlight these days. More companies have come to recognize the importance of recently published consensus standards, and recent fatal accidents tied to the failure of instrumented safeguards have brought further attention. The result is that facilities all over the world are looking at their safety interlocks and concluding that what they really...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Tolerable-Risk_3363.html
July 1, 2007
    Most columns shut down without fires. Yet most refineries and chemical plants at some time or another have experienced spontaneous or hot work ignitions in at least one column. When this occurs inside a column during or after shutdown, the results can be devastating and dangerous. This paper concentrates on the fires related to packing in columns.   Many refineries and chemical plants...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/fire_protection/Causes-and-Prevention-of-Packing-Fires_3124.html
July 1, 2007
    Traditional pressure-relief devices are, at times, unable to protect vessels at the elevated temperatures experienced during fires. As witnessed by numerous examples throughout history, loss of containment and the subsequent explosions that may occur with an over-pressurized system can lead to catastrophic results in terms of equipment damage, monetary loss, environmental impact and even...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/fire_protection/Emergency-Pressure-Relief-For-External-Fire-Scenarios_3126.html
June 1, 2007
    Although sealing technologies rarely make the headline, when they do, its usually for a tragic reason, which demonstrates how important this small component really is. For example, on January 28, 1986, the Space Shuttle Challenger disintegrated 73 seconds into its flight, after an O-ring seal in its right solid rocket booster (SRB) failed. The seal failure caused a flame leak from the SRB...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/hazardous_substances/Small-but-mighty_3327.html
April 1, 2007
    Get a grip on slippery objects with these chemical-resistant gloves AlphaTEC gloves (photo) are said to be the first chemical-resistant gloves to incorporate Ansill Grip Technology. Designed as a liquid-proof product requiring less force to grip oily or wet objects, the AlphaTEC gloves have been tested at the production sites of 25 major industrial companies throughout Europe. The gloves...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Focus-on-Health-Safety-and-Environmental-Tools_3155.html
March 1, 2007
  The preparation of a unit for restart requires complex and systematic approach. A plant restart project is traditionally composed of four steps: 1. A detailed unit-status evaluation 2. Preparation for onsite work 3. Major onsite work, which involves significant expenses for personnel, supply, equipment renting and contractors 4. Restart of the plant, which focuses on bringing the unit online. Upon...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Unit-Restarts-Where-to-Begin_3132.html
March 1, 2007
    Occupational dangers in the chemical process industries (CPI) are many, with falls, respiratory hazards, and explosion risks confronted daily. One hazard, however, causes no pain nor visible scars. Its effects accumulate with each overexposure and can go unnoticed, often for decades. If statistics are any indication, it is the most common permanent and preventable occupational injury at the...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/protective_equipment/Hearing-Protection-For-CPI-Workers_3120.html
March 1, 2007
  After nearly a decade of preparation and debate, the European Commission's REACH legislation - a system for the registration, evaluation, authorization and restriction of chemicals - was adopted by the Parliament last December, and enters into force on June 1, 2007. Chemical producers, rather than government authorities, will be legally obligated to conduct and communicate assessments regarding the...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/regulatory/EU-Chemicals-legislation-extends-its-REACH_3320.html
January 1, 2007
    Chemicals, plastics, pharmaceutical, food, agricultural chemicals, coal and bio-chemical industries have a wide array of processes where the raw materials, intermediates and products are in particulate form. Hazards associated with particulate solids are unique, and in most cases depend on the particle size. The purpose of this paper is to present a systematic framework for designing...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/dust_explosions/Design-Safer-Solids-Processing-Plants_3118.html
January 1, 2007
    Security is on everyone’s mind. Heightened awareness and concerns have affected the way we live and the way we work. Those of us who are part of the chemical process industries (CPI) and have a great respect for the materials we work with, are well aware of the importance in safeguarding against potential threats. Indeed, the U.S. Dept. of Homeland Security (DHS; Washington, D.C....
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/plant_security/Securing-chemical-Process-facilities_3313.html
December 1, 2006
DNV Software (Oslo, Norway; edlinks.che.com/6519-533) and The SimSci-Esscor unit of Invensys (Lake Forest, Calif.; edlinks.che.com/6519-534) have developed a link between the former’s Phastfx flammable-effects-software module and the latter’s...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/fire_protection/Plant-safety-software_3047.html
December 1, 2006
    Even with the best process design, the unexpected can happen. Anticipating this, rupture disks are often installed as the last line of defense against the over-pressurization of equipment used for the manufacture, transport and storage of many types of chemicals, petrochemicals, medicines, plastics, powders, food and beverages. When handled and installed properly, rupture disks are a safe and...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/overpressure_and_runaways/Troubleshooting-Field-Failures-of-Rupture-Disks_2790.html
December 1, 2006
    Accidents do happen. While not everything can be predicted, addressing safety concerns throughout the design of a process can help to prevent accidents from occurring. Designing with safety in mind can also help to minimize potentially serious consequences that would result if an accident did occur. On April 12, 2004, toxic allyl alcohol and allyl chloride were released from a reactor at a...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/process_safety_mgmt/Designing-for-A-Safe-Process_2789.html
December 1, 2006
    Portable and fixed detectors for toxic and flammable gases are offering more choice and better value for the money, say experts, thanks to technology developments and strong market competition. In Europe, competition triggered by consolidation in the last five years has propelled the market out of the doldrums of the last couple of decades, according to a recent report from market consultancy...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/safety_instrumentation/More-For-Your-Money_3087.html
November 1, 2006
Last month, the American Chemical Society (ACS) celebrated its 19th annual National Chemistry Week, a community-based program that aims to communicate how chemistry benefits quality of life. The initiative goes hand-in-hand with the American Chemistry Council’s (ACC’s) “essential2” advertising campaign, launched a little more than a year ago to inform law and policy makers about how...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Engineering-image_3103.html
November 1, 2006
Last month, the American Chemical Society (ACS) celebrated its 19th annual National Chemistry Week, a community-based program that aims to communicate how chemistry benefits quality of life. The initiative goes hand-in-hand with the American Chemistry Council’s (ACC’s) “essentialâ‚‚” advertising campaign, launched a little more than a year ago to inform law and policy makers about...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Engineering-image_3108.html
October 1, 2006
    The need to maintain and increase safety is ever-present in the chemical process industries (CPI), but what exactly constitutes safety equipment? This roundup of products covers a broad range of equipment, from data buses to non-slip footwear, whose main function is to increase plant safety. Not included here are general-purpose equipment, such as temperature sensors, that can be used in...
http://www.chemengonline.com/environmental_health_and_safety/plant_and_personnel_safety/Safety-Equipment_3084.html
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