I D
× COMMENTARYCOVER STORYIN THE NEWSNEWSFRONTSCHEMENTATOR + Show More BUSINESS NEWSTECHNICAL & PRACTICALFEATURE REPORTFACTS AT YOUR FINGERTIPSTECHNOLOGY PROFILEEQUIPMENT & SERVICESFOCUSNEW PRODUCTS + Show More

Comment Water Treatment

Filtering out and detoxifying hexavalent chromium from water

By Gerald Ondrey |

Chemists from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL; Switzerland; www.epfl.ch) have developed “sponges” designed to capture various target substances, such as gold, mercury and lead, dissolved in solution. Now, they have developed one for capturing toxic hexavalent chromium from water. The material — a composite bead of a metal organic framework (MOF) on a polymer — not only has a high adsorption capacity for Cr(VI), but it also acts as a photocatalyst, whereby the Cr(VI) is converted to the less toxic Cr(III).


As described in an article published last month in the Journal of Materials Chemistry A, the adsorbent sponge is made by first functionalizing a known Zr-MOF, UiO-66, with double amino groups. This modification permits the new material, Zr-BDC-(NH2)2, to serve a dual-purpose as both adsorbent and photocatalyst, according to the chemists. Next, Zr-BDC-(NH2)2 was incorporated into MOF@polymer beads using polyethersulfone (PES) that was chemically modified with carboxylic acid groups to improve hydrophilicity.


The researchers have demonstrated that the MOFs can extract approximately 208 mg of Cr(VI) per gram of MOF [photo before (left) and after (right)]. Also, shining light on the loaded MOF then transforms the highly toxic Cr(VI) into a relatively nontoxic Cr(III). Further developments are required in order to implement the technology for decontaminating water outside of the laboratory.


Hexavalent chromium continues to contaminate water sources around the world, with one U.S. company fined just this past February for having put employees at risk. Cr(VI) is considered to be extremely toxic, especially when inhaled or ingested, and its use is regulated in Europe and in many countries around the world. It is thought to be genotoxic, leading to DNA damage and the formation of cancerous tumors.


hexavalent chromium

EPFL, Alain Herzog


Related Content
A powerful tool to analyze MOFs
An international team, including staff from the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (Kaist; Daejeon, South Korea; www.kaist.ac.kr), led…
A sound way to make MOFs
Researchers from RMIT University (Melbourne, Australia; www.rmit.edu.au) have demonstrated a “green” technique that can produce customized metal organic framework (MOF)…

ABB

The Big 6 level measurement technologies: Where to use them and why

WHITE PAPER — The Big 6 level measurement technologies: Where to use them and why Anyone who’s ever worn a tool belt knows that sometimes you have to use a tool for something it’s not designed to do. If you don’t happen to have a hammer, a heavy…

Chemical Engineering publishes FREE eletters that bring our original content to our readers in an easily accessible email format about once a week.
Subscribe Now
Securing the availability of chemical processes through a long-term partnership
Metering gas in biogas plants
The Big 6 level measurement technologies: Where to use them and why
Minimizing particle breakage and mother liquor residue in technical salts production
Expectations are shifting: How measurement solutions can help overcome chemical industry challenges

View More