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Facts at your Fingertips: Industrial Combustion Products

By Scott Jenkins |

All chemical process industries (CPI) operations involving combustion need to be concerned with the emission of combustion products, due to their potential environmental and health impacts. This one-page reference provides information about several of the most common combustion byproducts from industrial heating processes. Combustion provides heat for many industrial processes and accounts for over 80% of the power used by turbines to generate electricity. The listing in the box shows several operations within the CPI where combustion is used. Modern industrial combustion — both for process heat and power generation — is characterized by an increasingly diverse fuel supply and a greater need to reduce potentially polluting emissions. Combustion products The following sections discuss some of the main potential pollutants that result from the combustion of fossil fuels in an industrial setting. Carbon dioxide. CO2 is the principal product from the combustion of fossil fuels. It is a colorless, odorless gas with a density greater than air. For each pound of carbon burned in a CPI process, 3.67 lb of CO2 is released. CO2 is a greenhouse gas, and is present in the earth’s atmosphere at concentrations around 400 parts per million…
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