I D
× COMMENTARY
Digitalization Game ChangersGame Changers
The technologies associated with the Industrial Internet of Things, and…
COVER STORYIN THE NEWSNEWSFRONTSCHEMENTATOR + Show More
Chemical Engineering MagazineChementator Briefs
ANG fueling station Ingevity (North Charleston, S.C.; www.ingevity.com) has completed…
BUSINESS NEWSTECHNICAL & PRACTICALFEATURE REPORTFACTS AT YOUR FINGERTIPSTECHNOLOGY PROFILESOLIDS PROCESSINGEQUIPMENT & SERVICESFOCUSNEW PRODUCTS + Show More SHOW PREVIEWS

Comment Processing & Handling

Make more from biomass with iron

By Tetsuo Satoh |

Nippon Shokubai Co. (Osaka and Tokyo, Japan; www.shokubai.co.jp) has jointly developed a new process for biomass utilization in collaboration with professor Yuichi Kita at Kobe University (www.kobe-u.ac.jp). The process is highly efficient for decomposing lignocellulose into a group of water-soluble compounds that consist mainly of 2–6 carbon atoms. It is carried out in hot water at 250–300°C in the presence of metallic iron. Unlike the conventional methods, this method reduces useless consumption of biomass resources and enables an efficient utilization of the whole biomass. Furthermore, by using a solid acid catalyst, such as ZSM-5 zeolite, the obtained water-soluble compounds can be converted to olefinic hydrocarbons, such as ethylene, propylene and butylene, or aromatic hydrocarbons, such as benzene, toluene and xylenes. With such sustainable building blocks, Nippon Shokubai estimates it could reduce the production cost of raw materials for superabsorbent polymer (SAP) down to 30%. In collaboration with chemicals manufacturers, the company aims to use this technology industrially after 2020. In conventional hydrothermal liquefaction (diagram, left), high-temperature water thermally decomposes biomass into water- and oil-soluble…
Related Content

Mettler Toledo

Tunable Diode Laser Spectroscopy in Critical Applications

Accurate and continuous O2 determination plays a pivotal role in achieving safety and process reliability in a wide range of manufacturing processes. Harsh process conditions and maintenance requirements of sampling and conditioning systems can present…

Chemical Engineering publishes FREE eletters that bring our original content to our readers in an easily accessible email format about once a week.
Subscribe Now
Reduce Explosion Risk in 2 Seconds with In Situ Oxygen Analysis
Tunable Diode Laser Spectroscopy in Critical Applications
Non-Contacting Gas Sensors Minimize the Risk of Corrosion to Plant Equipment.
5 ways to Optimize Production of Polymers and Intermediate Petrochemicals
7 Ways to Achieve Process Safety in Chemical Production

View More

Live chat by BoldChat