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Comment PDF Environment, Health, Safety & Security

Monitoring Flame Hazards In Chemical Plants

By Ardem Antabian, MSA |

The numerous flame sources in CPI facilities necessitate the installation of advanced flame-detection technologies Fire is a primary and very real threat to people, equipment and facilities in the chemical process industries (CPI), especially in the refining and storage of petrochemicals. The consequences of failing to detect flames, combustible gas leaks or flammable chemical spills can have dire consequences, including loss of life and catastrophic plant damage. The monitoring of flame hazards is mandated by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA; Washington, D.C.; www.osha.gov) through its comprehensive Process Safety Management (PSM) federal regulation. Internationally, the European Union (E.U.) splits gas and flame safety responsibilities between E.U. directives and European standards organizations, including the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (Cenelec; Brussels, Belgium; www.cenelec.eu), the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC; Geneva, Switzerland; www.iec.ch) and several other bodies. Many accidents are the result of either failing to implement these standards properly with suitable flame-detection equipment or the failure to train employees to follow related safety…
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