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Comment Sustainability

Swedish project plans to launch infrastructure for liquid CO2 transport

By Mary Page Bailey |

A Swedish consortium has announced a project that could be the first in the world to create a joint infrastructure for the transport of liquefied carbon dioxide extracted using carbon capture & storage (CCS) technology. The project – called CinfraCap – is a unique collaborative venture between Preem, Göteborg Energi, Nordion Energi, St1, Renova, and the Gothenburg Port Authority.

The Cinfracap project encompasses: Carbon dioxide capture plants; Liquid carbon dioxide is transported through pipelines from capture plants nearby and by truck or railway from plants further away; CinfraCap’s reception site with temporary storage in Gothenburg harbor; Liquid carbon dioxide is loaded on ship using loading arms; Receiving terminal from where liquid carbon dioxide is unloaded and pumped into formations 3000 meter below seabed; Porous rock, with impermeable rock above, where liquid carbon dioxide is returned.

“We must speed up the process if we are to achieve our climate goals and collaboration is the best way forward. We expect to be able to transport two million tons of captured carbon dioxide per year from our quayside facility and to do so we must have an efficient infrastructure,” said Elvir Dzanic, Gothenburg Port Authority chief executive and one of the parties involved in the joint CinfraCap infrastructure project.

CCS is widely regarded as a key component in the transition of the global energy system, and several research and development projects are already under way. Within the CinfraCap project the various parties are looking to join forces to identify the most effective way of approaching the industry-scale logistics system required to support CCS. The idea is to present concrete proposals for an optimized infrastructure, and link into other CCS projects. Once the infrastructure is in place, the aim is for it to be an open access system, expanding its potential user base.

A collaboration agreement has been signed by all the parties involved, and the Swedish Energy Agency climate initiative Industrial Evolution (Industriklivet) has agreed to cover half the cost of funding a pre-study, which is being conducted by the consulting company COWI. The pre-study, which commenced this month with completion due in Q1 2021, will focus on the means of collecting captured carbon optimally from each company, transporting it down to the port, intermediate storage prior to loading, securing of permits, risk identification, and presentation of a business model.

“We are starting up CinfraCap in western Sweden although the ultimate aim is to share our experience and the business model behind the carbon capture infrastructure with the rest of Sweden and the world. We are joining forces with other partners to ensure the requisite resources are in place to rapidly reduce the climate impact of companies and contribute to a sustainable future,” said, Karin Lundqvist, Business developer, Preem AB.CinfraCap stands for Carbon Infrastructure Capture. The project is focused on the transport of captured carbon and how this can be done in a climate-smart, cost-effective way. The aim behind CinfraCap is to produce a more comprehensive picture of the logistics chain required to transport captured carbon dioxide from different industrial facilities in western Sweden – from liquefication and intermediate storage, through to distribution to ships and onward transport to the repository site. The interface for CinfraCap will be the fence around the facility in western Sweden that captures the carbon dioxide, through to the loading arm on the vessels that transport the liquefied carbon dioxide onwards by sea. CinfraCap will complement a number of other ongoing research and development projects, including Preem CCS, ZEROC, and Northern Lights, which is a full-scale carbon dioxide repository project being run off the west coast of Norway.

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