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Compressor Controls: The Burden of Load Sharing

By Sonal Patel, Associate Editor, POWER magazine |

 

controls

Wednesday’s discussion group on compressor controls was moderated by a group of industry experts

Managing load-sharing controls for compressors was one of several topics explored by a group during several group discussions that took place on December 13 at the Turbomachinery Symposium in Houston. While the discussion was prompted by a participant’s question about how to best manage load sharing, it also touched on its benefits and restrictions.  

 

Load sharing is used to maintain an equal throughput flow (or capacity) through multiple compressor units, which are connected to common suction and discharge lines. Load sharing is typically integrated as a function block into a programmable logic controller (PLC)–based unit control system, though stand-alone controllers are also available. Process controls then have the key function of distributing the overall load between compressors while controlling a shared process parameter—suction header pressure, discharge header pressure, or total header flow, for example. But while load sharing is often deployed to boost efficiency, it is a complex process that can be challenging, participants agreed at the discussion on Wednesday.

 

The discussion shed light on load sharing in parallel or as a series — each configuration has its own merits. In different ways, many participants called attention to the consideration that controlling a compressor network critically required an overall evaluation of the network as well as performance of individual machines. 

 

While the discussion began with an assessment of methods to determine adequate flow and estimate how many machines would be needed for a particular condition, it quickly turned into a debate over whether load-sharing controls are necessary for machines running in parallel. For example, one participant posited that knowing machine curves was integral for load-sharing capability, while another contended that real-time curve mapping wasn’t easy to do because some vendors don’t provide that capability. 

 

Participants also shared their preferred strategies for load sharing. For example, someone contributed that surge protection and process efficiency can be maximized by operating them equidistant from their surge control lines. Another noted that it wasn’t practical to run compressors at the same flow rate or rotational speed, because small differences in surge limits could prompt one compressor to surge or go into recycle before others. And yet another participant cautioned against “one-size-fits-all” approaches, pointing out that the “mechanics from a systems’ point of view” associated with parallel air compressors are different from those for centrifugal and reciprocating compressors. 

 

The open-topic forum moderated by Mark Sandberg of Sandberg Turbomachinery Consulting, Rainer Kurz from Solar Turbines (photo: Sandberg and Rainer are pictured), Henry Borchard from Chevron, Meera Day from Southwest Research Institute, and David Downing also delved into the debate about distributed control systems versus PLC.

 

Topics were determined as participants introduced themselves and revealed a pressing question or concern about compressor controls they wanted the group to discuss (photo).   

 

—Sonal Patel is a POWER associate editor (@sonalcpatel, @POWERmagazine)

 

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