I D
× COMMENTARYCOVER STORYIN THE NEWSNEWSFRONTSCHEMENTATOR + Show More
Chemical Engineering MagazineChementator Briefs
PDH catalyst Last month, Clariant's Catalyst business (Munich, Germany; www.clariant.com)…
BUSINESS NEWSTECHNICAL & PRACTICALFEATURE REPORTFACTS AT YOUR FINGERTIPSTECHNOLOGY PROFILESOLIDS PROCESSINGENGINEERING PRACTICEEQUIPMENT & SERVICESFOCUS
Focus on Pumps
Self-priming, liquid-ring pumps enable hygienic operation The CFS AS/ASH Series…
NEW PRODUCTS + Show More

Comment Processing & Handling

Acids Handling

By Alberto Baumeister Sebastiano Giardinella Mayhell Coronado Ecotek |

Inorganic acids play a major role in the chemical process industries (CPI). They are used as raw materials, catalysts or finishing and pH control agents in the manufacture of a wide range of chemical products, from fertilizers to detergents, and even foods. Given their widespread use, a major issue in the CPI is the proper and safe handling of the acids, the adequate materials selection for the pieces of equipment, piping and fittings used in the process, and the correct storage and even disposal of these materials. These are important factors that need to be taken into account from the design phase throughout the operating life of a facility, in order to ensure there will not be integrity problems that may negatively impact project economical turnover, personnel safety or the environment. This article covers the most important inorganic acids: sulfuric acid (H2SO4), nitric acid (HNO3), phosphoric acid (H3PO4), hydrogen chloride (HCl) and hydrochloric acid, and hydrogen fluoride (HF) and hydrofluoric acid; providing general guidelines on their physical properties, safety data, appropriate materials, storage, pumping and other common issues encountered when handling such fluids in the CPI. Physical properties Some acids are naturally…
Related Content

Chemical Engineering publishes FREE eletters that bring our original content to our readers in an easily accessible email format about once a week.
Subscribe Now
Quadruple Sensor Lifetime with a Retractable Housing
Minimizing Explosion Risk Where Other Solutions Cannot
Minimizing Corrosion with Fast, Robust Gas Analysis
Lower Measurement Point Costs with Automatic pH Sensor Cleaning
Reduce the Risk of Corrosion in Fertilizer Production

View More

Live chat by BoldChat