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Processing & Handling

Make your own batch of CNTs with this system

Up to now, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been produced from hydrocarbons in large, high-temperature furnaces operating in an inert-gas atmosphere. A simpler system that requires only a liquid reagent instead of multiple gas cylinders, has been commercialized by Microphase Co.,…

A ‘natural’ way to make an unnatural acid

Excelsyn Molecular Development (Holywell, U.K.; edlinks.chemengonline.com/6519-541) has made a “major” advance in its development of improved technology to produce the unnatural amino acid tert-L-leucine (tert-butyl glycine; TBG) — a precursor for synthesizing promising new drug candidates. Transaminase technology is a…

Use electric fields to pasteurize foodstuffs

An innovative design of a pulsed-electric-field (PEF) treatment unit for the inactivation of Escherichia coli bacteria has been developed by associate professor Mohammed Farid and Sally Alkhafaji at the Chemical and Materials Engineering Department of the School of Engineering, the…

H3PO4 recycling

Since 2002, the need for electronics-grade phosphoric acid as an etching agent for semiconductors in flat screens (liquid-crystal displays) has increased five fold, according to Thierry Vassalo, general manager at Febex S.A. (Box, Switzerland; edlinks.chemengonline.com/6519-545). In order to reduce manufacturing…

Pipe & Fittings

    Reinforced PVC makes a kink-free hose Kink- and crush-resistant Vardex hose (photo) for both pressure and vacuum applications is now available from this manufacturer. Made of clear PVC with steel wire reinforcement, Vardex is suitable for either fluid…

A new PET resin

Eastman Chemical Co. (Kingsport, Tenn.; edlinks.chemengonline.com/6519-549) has launched its next-generation PET (polyethylene terephthalate) resin, tradenamed ParaStar, which is made using the company’s proprietary IntegRex technology (CE, October 2004, p. 15). ParaStar is a drop-in replacement for standard PET on bottle-manufacturing…

Air separation: Mature processes, modern improvements

      The fortunes of many an industrial sector have risen and fallen in the face of fluctuating oil and gas prices. Today, the industrial gas industry’s fortunes are being buoyed — in a roundabout way — by the…

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Making Emulsions

        When Estee Lauder begin stirring up recipes for facial creams recipes in her kitchen some 70 years ago — the start of a $6.5-billion cosmetics empire that still bears her name — making high-purity emulsions was…

This efficient micromixer is less prone to fouling

By repetitive dividing and merging of laminar flows within complex patterns of narrow (25–40 µm) channels, static micromixers are very efficient at making homogeneous mixtures. However, the narrow channels are susceptible to clogging, and the cost to precisely manufacture the…

This catalyst converts cellulose into sugar alcohols

Cellulose accounts for about 40% of the planet’s total photosynthesis yield (about 1.8 trillion m.t./yr), but the material has not been fully utilized as a chemical resource so far. That’s because the methods currently available for converting cellulose into useful…