I D
× COMMENTARYCOVER STORYIN THE NEWSNEWSFRONTSCHEMENTATOR + Show More
Chemical EngineeringChemenator Briefs
Cellulosic ethanol Clariant AG (Muttenz, Switzerland; www.clariant.com) has produced the…
TECHNICAL & PRACTICALTOWER DOCTORFEATURE REPORTFACTS AT YOUR FINGERTIPSSOLIDS PROCESSINGEQUIPMENT & SERVICESAPPLIED TECHNOLOGIESFOCUS
Focus on Pumps
Track pump operation with this monitoring system This company has…
SHOW PREVIEWS

Comment PDF Operations & Maintenance

Organic Chemical Functional Groups

By Scott Jenkins |

Chemical functional groups are critical determinants of the properties and reactivity of compounds. The following provides a review of the structures of common organic functional groups, along with some notes and examples. Alkyne. Acetylene is used as a fuel for gas welding and a raw material for chemical manufacturing. Hydroxyl. Alcohols and phenols contain this functional group, which is capable of forming hydrogen bonds. Aldehyde. Formaldehyde and acetaldehyde are important industrial building blocks used in resins, wood adhesives and others. Ketone. Acetone, cyclohexanone and methylethyl ketone are important ketones, used as solvents or in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, polymers, fragrances and more. Amine. Derivatives of ammonia, amines are important biologically (amino acids, neurotransmitters), as well as in industry. Aniline and ethanolamines are important in manufacturing dyes, rubber, pharmaceuticals, synthetic resins and more. Carboxylic acid. Acetic acid, butyric acid and fatty acids are among the important carboxylic acids. Fatty acids are key components of many soaps and detergents. Ether. Diethyl ether is used as both a laboratory and industrial solvent and reagent, as well as an engine starting fluid…
Related Content
Traversing a Data-Powered Supply Chain
Transporting chemical products across global supply chains is complex and challenging, but data-supported technologies are helping to improve efficiency, sustainability…

Chemical Engineering publishes FREE eletters that bring our original content to our readers in an easily accessible email format about once a week.
Subscribe Now
GMP In The Cosmetic Industry
Solve turbomachinery problems: Miba Tilting Pad Bearings
Six Steps to Designing a Storage Vessel That Really Works
SICK Solutions for Cleaner Industries - Powerful Transitions
Gain a Digital Line of Sight Across the Whole Lifecycle of the Plant with a Digital Twin

View More