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Heat Transfer

Green syngas

Last month, Expander Energy Inc. (Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; edlinks.chemengonline.com/6515-551) licensed the Carbo-V process from Choren Industries GmbH (Freiberg, Germany; edlinks.chemengonline.com/6515-552) for the production of synthesis gas derived from biomass. Carbo-V is a three-stage gasification process (CE, August, 2003, p. 16)…

A new coal-liquefaction process on the path to commercialization

This month, New Energy & Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO; Kawasaki, Japan; edlinks.chemengonline.com/6515-535), together with two companies from China, began testing a coal-liquefaction process in a 100-kg/d pilot facility at the Coal Research Center (Beijing, China). The two Chinese firms…

California to become home of a cellulose-to-ethanol plant

JGC Corp. (Yokohama, Japan; edlinks.chemengonline.com/6515-536) has finalized a Principal Agreement for the process design, development and further collaboration with Arkenol, Inc. (Orange, Calif.; edlinks.chemengonline.com/6515-537) for a plant to produce bioethanol from cellulose. The plant, to be located in Orange County,…

Heat Transfer Equipment

    Heat transfer takes place in every plant in the chemical process industries (CPI), and in a significant proportion of individual equipment items. And of the many varieties of heat exchanger, shell-and-tube versions must surely be the most traditional.…

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Chementator: A new reactor is set to change the way chemicals are produced

Alfa Laval AB (Lund, Sweden; edlinks.chemengonline.com/5830-531) has developed a new reactor system, called Alfa Laval Plate Reactors (trademarked as ART), which combines the high-heat-transfer capabilities of plate heat exchangers with the efficient mixing and reaction control typical of microreactors into…

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Chementator: Waste-to-oil

Last month, Clyvia Technology GmbH (Wegberg, Germany; edlinks.chemengonline.com/5830-548), a fully owned subsidiary of Clyvia Inc. (Las Vegas, Nev.), was granted a German patent for its proprietary fractional depolymerization process for converting waste material into heating oil and diesel fuel. The…

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Chementator: A new process to recycle metal oxide and mineral residues

The Linz, Austria-based VAI Division of Siemens Industrial Solutions and Services (Erlangen, Germany; edlinks.chemengonline.com/5829-535) is commercializing a smelt-reduction process for recycling metal oxide wastes. The ZEWA (zero waste) process, developed by a consortium of companies in a research project under…

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Chementator: Jet fuel

Researchers at Penn State University’s (University Park, Pa.; edlinks.chemengonline.com/5829-551) Energy Institute are developing a jet fuel that is composed of at least 50% bituminous coal. The fuel, provisionally designated JP900, is comparable to Jet A or military JP 8, and…

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Chementator: Europe to get a new wave of plastic-to-diesel plants

Over the next four years, EnvoSmart Technologies B.V. (Roosendaal, Netherlands; edlinks.chemengonline.com/5829-533) plans to install 31 ThermoFuel systems throughout Europe for converting plastic waste into low-sulfur diesel fuel. The first six systems are to be located near Berlin, Germany, where they…

The path to biorefineries

    It’s not a question of whether the world supply of fossil is going to run out; its just a question of when, says professor Colin Webb, head of the chemical engineering department at the University of Manchester (England),…